Написание ing окончания. В каких случаях ставится окончание ing

Урок №5 – Окончание -ing

Написание ing окончания. В каких случаях ставится окончание ing

Прослушайте аудио урок с дополнительными объяснениями

В английских текстах Вам будут частенько попадаться слова, которые имеют окончание -ing.
В каких случаях это возможно:

1. Когда глагол как бы отвечает на вопросы Как? Что? Какой? – сидя, лежа, читая; уборка, думание, чтение; храпящий, шокирующий, потрясающий.

Что делать? Как? Что? Какой?
Swim – плаватьSwimming – плаваяSwimming – плаваниеbore – докучать, донимать, надоедать
boring job – скучная работа
Think – думатьThinking – думаяThinking – думание, размышление, думыamaze – изумлять, поражать, удивлять
amazing thing – удивительная вещь
Clean – убиратьCleaning – убираяCleaning – уборкаconfuse – запутывать, сбивать с толку
confusing situation – запутанная ситуация

Думать – думая – думание

What do you think about it? – Что ты думаешь об этом?
Thinking about his job, he missed his bus / tram / subway stop. – Думая о работе, он проехал остановку.
The thinking process can be very hard for some people. – Думание – это сложно для некоторых.

Дополнительные задания на перевод Вы найдете в разделе упражнений.

A bad beginning makes for a bad ending. – Плохое начало делает плохой конец (дословно).

2. Когда Вы что-то делаете здесь и сейчас:

be + глагол + ing

I am eating. – Я ем.
I am speaking on Skype. – Я говорю по скайпу.
I am booking the hotel. – Я резервирую отель.
I am buying bread. – Я покупаю хлеб.

What are you doing? – Что ты делаешь?
I am booking my flight to Amsterdam for tomorrow. – Я заказываю авиабилеты в Амстердам на завтра.

Are you kidding? – Ты шутишь?
Where are you going? – Куда ты идешь?
Why are you doing this? – Почему ты это делаешь?
What are you looking for? – Что ты ищешь?

3. Когда Вы что-то делали в прошлом там и тогда:

Для этого Вам нужно глагол be в конструкции
be + глагол + ing
поставить в прошедшую форму (I / he / she / it was, you / we / they were):

I was eating. – Я ел.
I was speaking on Skype. – Я говорил по скайпу.
I was booking the hotel. – Я резервировал отель.
I was buying bread. – Я покупал хлеб.
What were you doing? – Что ты делал?
I was booking my flight to Amsterdam for the next day. – Я заказывал авиабилеты в Амстердам на завтра.

4. Когда с языка срывается фраза собираюсь что-то сделать:

be + going to

What are you going to do? – Что ты собираешься делать?
I'm going to buy a new car.
He's going to find a new job.
They are going to visit me.
When are you going to join the chat? We are waiting for you. (здесь окончание -ing, потому что мы ждем тебя здесь и сейчас)

  1. – What are you doing? – I am doing my homework at the moment. What about you?

    – I am reading a book.

  2. – My friends are playing football now. – What is your family doing?

    – My mom is going for a walk with my youngest sister and dad is driving a car, he is going to London.

  3. – Hey, are you busy now? What's up, what are you doing now? – I am watching TV, Jerry is eating and Rihanna is sleeping now.

    – Let's go play outside?

  4. – Nick is travelling around the world. And his best friend Anna is cooking a dinner now.
    – What are you doing?
  5. – I am writing my diploma project. – What's your plan for today?

    – Oh, actually, I am speaking on the phone with my boss.

  6. – Lea is such a nice girl. She is working really hard this time.
  7. – Mike is riding a bike now and I am going to ride mine too.
  8. – Look, look the plane's landing!
    – Great, finally we see Jerry! I am missing him so much.
  9. – Look! He is shaking (to shake) hands with Mr. Stalone.
    – Oh, man, that's so cool, because I am his fan as well!
  10. – I am lying (to lie) on the beach now and getting some tan.
    – Oh, nice, I'd to join you, but I am sitting at the office and doing my job.

Прослушать ответы

  1. boring job
  2. surprising facts
  3. disappointing birthday
  4. shocking video
  5. smiling crocodile
  6. snoring dog / husband
  7. moving bus
  8. depressing mood
  9. amazing thing
  10. annoying colleague
  11. confusing situation

Прослушать ответы

  1. sit – sitting I spend a lot of time sitting in front of my computer. I am reading the newspaper, sitting at the table.

    Sitting / working for a long time in front of the computer (PC) damages your eyes.

  2. lie – lying He lies in the bed the whole day. Do not eat while lying on the couch!

    Long lying under the Sun ruins your skin.

  3. stay – staying Stay where you are! Try it again / the same, but staying on one leg.

    Staying naked in a cold is harmful to health.

  4. eat – eating He eats Pizza only in Italy. No talking while eating!

    Eating only hamburgers and drinking Cola are making you gain weight very fast.

  5. read – reading Do you prefer to read the news? Many people think that everyday reading and listening to the news are keeping them up-to-date.

    The reading is useful thing.

  6. walk – walking How often do you walk? Walking in the city.

    Everyday walking in fresh air is very healthy.

  7. sign – signing When are you going (do you plan) to sign the agreement / contract? Signing the agreement / contract you have to read carefully what was typed (what was written) in fine print.

    Signing the agreement is very important for us (for our company).

  8. make decision – making decision He always makes a decision very fast, not thinking too much. While making the decision, first of all keep in mind your own interest.

    Making this decision was postponed for a week / until next week.

  9. speak – speaking Do you speak Chinese? You can stay in bed in your underwear / shorts / pants, while you speaking in / on / via Skype.

    Non-stop talking is making me crazy.

  10. develop – developing Our project develops very fast. You can achieve very good results, developing in a promising area.

    Developing of this project takes to long.

  11. fill – filling Fill out this form. While filling out a form, please pay attention on articles 2 and 3.

    Filling out the documents is not my duty.

Прослушать ответы

Источник: https://speakasap.com/ru/en-ru/seven/5/

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